Bastian Raschke
Nils Tegetmeyer

Sicherheitskritisch

A blog about IT security and electronics

Teardown and technical review of the Cool&Fun electric skateboard for 200€

Written by Bastian Raschke.
Published 2018-09-17 in the category Smart Home.

When i planned the second generation of my electric cruiserboard, i researched a lot and looked also for commercial examples for electric boards. I found the "Cool & Fun Electric Skateboard" incredible cheap on Amazon for around 200€ only. I bought the board and made a teardown from it to show how much quality you get for this price...

The board was shipped by Amazon including Prime - perfect for me: No need to wait weeks to get the board from China or have the risk that the board is lost on its travel to Germany. I bought the board to look how commercial manufacturers solve problems i had when i designed/built my new board generation - for example battery balancing, speed control, heat management... And to spoiler a bit: For 200€ you don't get a lot of high tech, but i expected a lot more worse design: The quality is not that bad for that price!

First impressions

On the following pictures you see the assembled board with all parts included in the package: the board itself, the remote control with bag, the charger and a skate tool (not shown on the pictures). But i removed the blue/black griptape with the "Cool&Fun" logo and painted it black because i preferred a more clean look:

The electric Cool&Fun skateboard laying bottom side up The electric Cool&Fun skateboard top side
The electric Cool&Fun skateboard top side The rear axis and the battery indication LEDs of the electric Cool&Fun skateboard
I removed the original griptape from the board to have a more clear look

The battery

The battery consists of 7 lithium-ion cells of the common 18650 type. The cells are connected in series which results in a voltage of around 25,5V. According to the label of the battery the manufacturer of the pack is Elite Electronic Co., Ltd.. The capacity is labeled to around 55Wh or 2150mAh.

I was not able to measure the real capacity because my charger is only able to charge/discharge battery packs with a maximum of 6 cells in series. But i guess the real capacity is lower than the spec promises (like always for Chinese products). The outer label says the battery manufacturer is LG which may be correct because Elite Electronic Co., Ltd. potentially just assembled the battery pack, but not the cells itself.

The 7 cell lithium-ion battery pack The enclosing of the battery and the electronics of the electric skateboard
The Li-Ion battery is hold softly and secure with rubber spacers

I was a bit disappointed of the "charging" circuit: The charger directly connects to the battery and charge it with CC/CV (constant current / constant voltage) - this means the battery is not charged balanced (no battery management system / BMS is used). So if the voltage of the cells drifts apart after some time, some cells get damaged when getting charged. Normally good quality lithium-ion cells keep their voltage level really accurate for a long time but i'm not sure if they really used legit LG cells... Nevermind also good quality cells need balancing after a given time. The missing BMS seems to be a result of massive cost reduction to be able to build a board for such a low price but also results in a relatively short life time of the battery and accordingly also of the board...

The remote control

The board uses the micro remote control which model type is really typical for electric boards. For the wireless communication a NRF24L01 is used (strange to say with an on-circuit antenna and also an external antenna). The microcontroller on the remote circuit is labeled SPMC65SF112A HL213 which may be a custom IC or a re-labeled microcontroller with custom firmware. I'm not really sure because i didn't found any datasheet for this chip.

The disassembled remote control The disassembled remote control with disconnected battery
The battery of the remote control The disassembled remote control without sliding switch
The remote control is powered by a small lithium-polymer battery and has a reasonable build quality

The remote has one green power LED and three red LEDs to indicate the battery level of the remote. The power switch is on the bottom side of the device, the push button on the top toggles the reverse gear. The small push button seems to reset/repair the connection to the board. The acceleration/braking is controlled via a reasonable slide switch. The power of the motor can be limited with a three position switch (low/normal/high).

The remote is powered from a small lithium-polymer cell with 200mAh capacity. The battery is labeled with XDS 502030 and seems to be manufactured end of July in 2017.

The drive train

The board uses a single hub motor with a power of 200 to 400W. The motor has a good torque and the start is really smooth. But the motor control software in general is not really a highlight of the board: The commands of the remote control seems a bit delayed and the motor does not react immediately to the user input. This is not a big issue when riding, the board is easy to control nevertheless.

But the most annoying and also dangerous problem is the brake: If you want to slow down from high speeds (around 15-20 km/h), the motor brake reacts really aggressive and possibly kicks you off the board if you are not experienced or prepared for that. Despite you brake very sensitive, it takes some time to deal with the brakes.

The drive train of the electric skateboard connected to the circuit board The drive train of the electric skateboard connected to the complete electronics with battery pack in the enclosing
Detail view of the complete electronics with battery pack in the enclosing Detail view of the complete electronics in the enclosing
The drive train is okay, except of the dangerous aggressive motor brake

If you want to switch your board on, you have to options: Either you turn it on via pushing the single-position switch or you simply push the board on the ground (the generated power is detected by the motor controller which turns on the board). The battery status of the board is indicated by 4 red LEDs.

The main board / power electronics

The main board looks well soldered. It consists mostly of SMD and some THT parts (the MOSFETs). Multiple ICs can be found on the board: Firstly the same labeled IC SPMC65SF112A HL213 also with a connected NRF24L01 on the board like on the remote control circuit. Some traces of are connected to the battery level circuit board. The chip has also some traces going to unpopulated headers which may be for flashing / debugging the IC. So it may be the main processor of the board. The second big IC is labeled SPM3248A: I neither found a datasheet for it unfortunately. It has one unpopulated pin header for UART and one for JTAG. I'm not sure what the exact purpose of these chips is.

The main cicuit board of the electric skateboard with cables Detail view of the main cicuit board of the electric skateboard
The main board has a couple of ICs and a lot more active and passive components

The board has 6 power MOSFETs (two for each motor phase) - these are connected to an aluminum plate used as a heat spreader. Two MOSFETs for each phase are driven by a FD2103S MOSFET driver IC from Fortior Tech. The MOSFETs itself seems to be protected with a zener diode. On the battery input is a big electrolytic capacitor from SAX rated with 63V and 470µF. Also a power inductor with apparently 10µH is near to the input. A shunt resistor measures the current of the system. One last IC is the XL7005A from XLSEMI - it is a low drop DC-DC buck converter with 0,4A maximum. It may used to power the ICs and other components with 5V or 3,3V.

The 6 power MOSFETs to drive the motor connected to aluminum plate for cooling A big electrolytic capacitor on the battery input
The MOSFETs are connected to a aluminum plate used as a cheap heat spreader

The big battery and motor phase wires are directly soldered to the board which is not perfect but the solderings look not bad at all. The motor hall sensor wires are connected to the board with a proper connector.

Summery

To sum up, for 200€ you get a reasonable board with some minor disadvantages: The battery capacity is small and the top speed goes down relatively fast with the battery level. I missed a proper BMS for a long battery lifetime and also fuses to protect the board: The battery stores a lot of chemical energy which could cause a fire or an explosion if a fatal malfunction occurs in the system (e.g. short circuit).

Finally the top speed of around 15 km/h (high setting) is okay but could be higher in my mind. The lower speed settings are only useful for childs or to learn to ride the board - but in all other cases they are to a lot too slow.


Tags: Teardown

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